Publications by Tim Brodribb

Triggers of tree mortality under drought

Severe droughts have caused widespread tree mortality across many forest biomes with profound effects on the function of ecosystems and carbon balance. Climate change is expected to intensify regional-scale droughts, focusing attention on the physiological basis of drought-induced…

Download

Mesophyll cells are the main site of abscisic acid biosynthesis in water-stressed leaves

The hormone abscisic acid (ABA) plays a critical role in enhancing plant survival during water deficit. Recent molecular evidence suggests that ABA is synthesized in the phloem companion cells and guard cells. However, the nature of cell turgor…

Download

Leaves, not roots or floral tissue, are the main site of rapid, external pressure-induced ABA biosynthesis in angiosperms

Feng-Ping Zhang, Frances Sussmilch, David S Nichols, Amanda A Cardoso, Timothy J Brodribb, Scott A M McAdam; Leaves, not roots or floral tissue, are the main site of rapid, external pressure-induced ABA biosynthesis in angiosperms, Journal of Experimental Botany, Volume 69, Issue 5, 23 February 2018, Pages 1261–1267, https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erx480

Rapid biosynthesis of abscisic acid (ABA) in the leaf, triggered by a decrease in cell volume, is essential for a functional stomatal response. However, it is not known whether rapid biosynthesis of ABA is also triggered in other…

Download

Guard cells in fern stomata are connected by plasmodesmata, but control cytosolic Ca2+ levels autonomously

Voss, L. J., McAdam, S. A., Knoblauch, M. , Rathje, J. M., Brodribb, T. , Hedrich, R. and Roelfsema, M. R. (2018), Guard cells in fern stomata are connected by plasmodesmata, but control cytosolic Ca2+ levels autonomously. New Phytol, 219: 206-215. doi:10.1111/nph.15153

Recent studies have revealed that some responses of fern stomata to environmental signals differ from those of their relatives in seed plants. However, it is unknown whether the biophysical properties of guard cells differ fundamentally between species of…

Download

Mapping xylem failure in disparate organs of whole plants reveals extreme resistance in olive roots

Rodriguez‐Dominguez, C. M., Carins Murphy, M. R., Lucani, C. and Brodribb, T. J. (2018), Mapping xylem failure in disparate organs of whole plants reveals extreme resistance in olive roots. New Phytol, 218: 1025-1035. doi:10.1111/nph.15079

The capacity of plant species to resist xylem cavitation is an important determinant of resistance to drought, mortality thresholds, geographic distribution and productivity. Unravelling the role of xylem cavitation vulnerability in plant evolution and adaptation requires a clear…

Download

Factors determining stomatal and non-stomatal (residual) transpiration and their contribution towards salinity tolerance in contrasting barley genotypes

Eighty barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) genotypes of different geographical origin and contrasting in salinity stress tolerance were grown under glasshouse conditions and exposed to high salinity stress (300 mM NaCl) for four weeks to investigate the relationship between leaf gas…

Download

Coordinated plasticity maintains hydraulic safety in sunflower leaves

Cardoso AA, Brodribb TJ, Lucani CJ, DaMatta FM, McAdam SAM. Coordinated plasticity maintains hydraulic safety in sunflower leaves. Plant Cell Environ. 2018. https://doi.org/10.1111/pce.13335

The air‐seeding threshold water potential establishes a hydraulic limit on the ability of woody species to survive in water‐limiting environments, but herbs may be more plastic in terms of their ability to adapt to drying conditions. Here we…

Download

Similar geometric rules govern the distribution of veins and stomata in petals, sepals and leaves

Zhang, F. , Carins Murphy, M. R., Cardoso, A. A., Jordan, G. J. and Brodribb, T. J. (2018), Similar geometric rules govern the distribution of veins and stomata in petals, sepals and leaves. New Phytol. . doi:10.1111/nph.15210

Investment in leaf veins (supplying xylem water) is balanced by stomatal abundance, such that sufficient water transport is provided for stomata to remain open when soil water is abundant. This coordination is mediated by a common dependence of…

Download

Leaves, not roots or floral tissue, are the main site of rapid, external pressure-induced ABA biosynthesis in angiosperms

Rapid biosynthesis of abscisic acid (ABA) in the leaf, triggered by a decrease in cell volume, is essential for a functional stomatal response. However, it is not known whether rapid biosynthesis of ABA is also triggered in other…

Download

Ferns are less dependent on passive dilution by cell expansion to coordinate leaf vein and stomatal spacing than angiosperms

Ferns are less dependent on passive dilution by cell expansion to coordinate leaf vein and stomatal spacing than angiosperms Carins Murphy MR, Jordan GJ, Brodribb TJ (2017) Ferns are less dependent on passive dilution by cell expansion to coordinate leaf vein and stomatal spacing than angiosperms. PLOS ONE 12(9): e0185648. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185648

Producing leaves with closely spaced veins is a key innovation linked to high rates of photo- synthesis in angiosperms. A close geometric link between veins and stomata in angio- sperms ensures that investment in enhanced venous water transport…