Research Area: Physiology

Xylem cavitation isolates leaky flowers during water stress in pyrethrum

Flowers underpin plant evolution, genetic legacy and global food supply. They are exposed to similar evaporative conditions as leaves, yet floral physiology is a product of different selective forces. We used Tanacetum cinerariifolium, a perennial daisy, to examine the…

Advanced vascular function discovered in a widespread moss

The evolution of terrestrial plants capable of growing upwards into the dry atmosphere profoundly transformed the Earth. A transition from small, ‘non-vascular’ bryophytes to arborescent vascular plants during the Devonian period is partially attributed to the evolutionary innovation…

Declining root water transport drives stomatal closure in olive under moderate water stress

Efficient water transport from soil to leaves sustains stomatal opening and steady‐state photosynthesis. The aboveground portion of this pathway is well‐described, yet the roots and their connection with the soil are still poorly understood due to technical limitations….

Hanging by a thread? Forests and drought

Trees are the living foundations on which most terrestrial biodiversity is built. Central to the success of trees are their woody bodies, which connect their elevated photosynthetic canopies with the essential belowground activities of water and nutrient acquisition….

Neither xylem collapse, cavitation, or changing leaf conductance drive stomatal closure in wheat

Identifying the drivers of stomatal closure and leaf damage during stress in grasses is a critical prerequisite for understanding crop resilience. Here, we investigated whether changes in stomatal conductance (gs) during dehydration were associated with changes in leaf…

Similar geometric rules govern the distribution of veins and stomata in petals, sepals and leaves

Zhang, F. , Carins Murphy, M. R., Cardoso, A. A., Jordan, G. J. and Brodribb, T. J. (2018), Similar geometric rules govern the distribution of veins and stomata in petals, sepals and leaves. New Phytol. . doi:10.1111/nph.15210

Investment in leaf veins (supplying xylem water) is balanced by stomatal abundance, such that sufficient water transport is provided for stomata to remain open when soil water is abundant. This coordination is mediated by a common dependence of…

Download

Ferns are less dependent on passive dilution by cell expansion to coordinate leaf vein and stomatal spacing than angiosperms

Ferns are less dependent on passive dilution by cell expansion to coordinate leaf vein and stomatal spacing than angiosperms Carins Murphy MR, Jordan GJ, Brodribb TJ (2017) Ferns are less dependent on passive dilution by cell expansion to coordinate leaf vein and stomatal spacing than angiosperms. PLOS ONE 12(9): e0185648. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185648

Producing leaves with closely spaced veins is a key innovation linked to high rates of photo- synthesis in angiosperms. A close geometric link between veins and stomata in angio- sperms ensures that investment in enhanced venous water transport…